LABELED GORILLA RECONSTRUCTION

Artist rendered reconstruction of gorilla upper limb anatomy created by José Saúl Martín. Numbered muscles on the reconstruction correspond to the list of numbered muscles to the right of the model.

LIST OF NUMBERED MUSCLES

2. Extensor digitorum

3. Extensor digiti minimi

4. Extensor carpi ulnaris

5. Flexor carpi ulnaris

6. Abductor pollicis longus

7. Extensor carpi radialis brevis et longus

8. Brachioradialis

9. Triceps brachii

10. Epitrochleoanconeus

11. Dorsoepitrochlearis

12. Deltoideus

13. Latissimus dorsi

14. Teres major

15. Supraspinatus

16. Levator claviculae

17. Pectoralis major

18. Pectoralis minor

19. Biceps brachii

20. Pronator teres

21. Flexor carpi radialis

22. Flexor digitorum superficialis

23. Flexor digitorum profundus

24. Pronator quadratus

25. Abductor pollicis brevis

26. Flexor pollicis brevis

27. Adductor pollicis

28. Abductor digiti minimi

29. Flexor digiti minimi

30. Contrahentes

31. Flexores breves profundi 

32. Brachialis 

33. Dorsal interossei

34. Palmar interossei

35. Pectoralis major, pars abdominalis ('pectoralis quartus' or 'chondroepitrochlearis')

36. Extensor indicis

37. Extensor pollicis longus

38. Trapezius

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The Visible Ape Project is funded by NSF grant #1856329.

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